Essay about The Roots of Farming Test Queries

Agriculture= utilized animal and plant savoir

Horticulture= " garden cultivation”

**" Icultures”

olericulture= fruit and vegetables

viticulture= fruit

enology= wine and wine making

floriculture= flowers

arboriculture= urban trees

pomology= fruit

Top Vendors:

Fruit= vineyard (wine, juices)

Vegetables= Irish potatoes (chips, fries)

In the wonderful world of horticulture, Washington dc is the primary grower Georgia horticulture:

**first in shades of green and pecans

third in blueberries

4th in new vegetable production and watermelons

fourth in pecans

**Pecan competition:

Texas

New Mexico

Maine and Michigan possess very large blueberry crops

**We are fourth in more fresh vegetables because we could in the southern region (good climate), we are around the east shoreline near big cities, and Florida production are lowering Many Sarasota farmers happen to be moving to Georgia

Roots of Agriculture

In the beginning…

Early individuals depending on hunting/ gathering

Deliberate planting of crops: 10 to 15, 000 BC

Arose around the 8 centers of origins

Started with adapted outrageous plants

Brought about settlements and increases in rates of " advancement” in world From Hunter/Gatherer to Horticulturist to Agriculturalist

Neolithic Era (around eight, 000 BC)

Changes to seeds

Shattering potential in embryon

Potato tubers borne close to plant

Slim vs . thick shells in nuts

The wild mustard lead to: cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, kale, kohlrabi Corn: a large number of people assume that corn can be described as hybrid

We can trace a history of horticulture back to Egypt in 2150 BC Early horticulturalists:

**Theophrastus= wrote essential books upon plants, original known systematic author Discoirides= medical botanist, De Elemento Medica

Pliny the Elder= Historia Naturalis

Historical Agriculture through the Roman Period

Roughly defined as 2500 BC-500

Trade in wine and olive oil mentioned in Egyptian Records

Dates/ flags significant source of sweets in Around East

Prevalent spun in India 2150 BC

Sheets and pillowcases and man made fibre in 2nd millennium in China

The Roman Period

Irrigation in China, Egypt, and Around East allowed more land to be cultivated Windmills and water generators were added

Introduction of fertilizers and animal manures

Crop rotations

Feudal Farming (Middle Ages)

Began soon after fall of Roman Empire

Reached the peak in about 1100

Loss of agriculture and horticultural information

Austere gardens (a lot of the agriculture was happening in the monasteries) 80-90 percent of folks farmed

Renaissance and Medical Agriculture

Medical revolution

Herb breeding

Crop rotations

Draining brought more land into cultivation

Essence Trade: Diaz (1487), Columbus (1492), Magellan (1519)

Tea from China (2737 BC) to England (1644)

There was a time high were spies who attemptedto learn about the spices or herbs and vegetation **Columbian Exchange

exchange of crops and ideas of growing

conquer in the name of operate:

Educado takes South america (1521)

Pizzarro takes Peru (1592)

He took citrus with him

Plant exchange was brought about with him

Chocolate actually went back

His most crucial tribute: brought plants with him towards the " new country” and brought plants back to The country of spain with him He as well brought with him disease which was actually the cause of the mass fatalities of the native people of the terrain Settling (Taking) of America

Some exchange with native people

The Squanto history

Corn, beans, squash (actually all local to Central and South America, NOT local crops) Native fruit and nuts

Euro (British) ideas of meals and farming

Root plants, lettuce, peas

Age of Enlightenment

To understand the natural world and humankind's place in it entirely on the basis of purpose and without embracing religious opinion Better meals supplies

Increase in agricultural production

Gethro Tull: did a lot of work while using plow as well as the idea of aiming our cops in rows, tilling the soil (one of the 1st agricultural engineers) Early Botanists and People

1733- John Bartram and son Bill Bartram had been...